© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2007 JESHO 50,2-3 Also available online – www.brill.nl * Centre for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, malekan- dathil @ yahoo.co.in WINDS OF CHANGE AND LINKS OF CONTINUITY: A STUDY ON THE MERCHANT GROUPS OF KERALA AND THE CHANNELS OF THEIR TRADE, 1000-1800 BY PIUS MALEKANDATHIL* Abstract The diverse merchant groups that participated in maritime trade emanating from the various exchange centers of Kerala during this period acted within the framework of certain socio- economic conditions that ensured a remarkable degree of continuity as far as their organiza- tional arrangements and distribution networks were concerned. Familiarization with frequent socio-political changes in the maritime exchange centers of Kerala, which were then exposed to frequent expansionist moves of inland rulers in the initial phase and of European commercial powers in the later periods, gave a great amount of adapt- ability to the di ff erent mercantile groups involved in its maritime trade, capacitating them to develop multiple survival strategies. Di ff erent segments of traders, who were uni fi ed by the commonality of religion, as in the case of Muslim merchants, developed diverse but better strategies to overcome Portuguese control systems as well
Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2007
Keywords: KERALA; INDIAN OCEAN; MUSLIM AND PORTUGUESE TRADERS; MARITIME TRADE
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