Why Seventeenth-Century Muscovite Campaigns Against Crimea Fell Short of What Counted

Why Seventeenth-Century Muscovite Campaigns Against Crimea Fell Short of What Counted CAROL B. STEVENS (Hamilton, NY, U.S.A.) WHY SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY MUSCOVITE CAMPAIGNS AGAINST CRIMEA FELL SHORT OF WHAT COUNTED Muscovite policies and activities against its southern neighbors became increasingly aggressive, thoroughgoing, and more subtle by the latter half of the seventeenth century. An essentially defensive posture (the construction of fortress towns and the initiation of long-distance patrols to alert campaign forces of Tatar approach) gave way to an increasingly expansionist policy- encouraging, even forcing, settlement of southern forest steppe. By the time the Belgorod fortified line was complete in the 1650s, not only were Muscovite fortifications occupying a more prominent place further to the south than ever before, but Muscovite campaign forces had acquired new mil- itary and institutional roles on the frontier. The expansionist purposes of the new Belgorod army (and its successor-partners in Sevsk and in Tambov) may have been undeclared, but they were institutionally explicit. Frequent and of- ten major reforms revamped their field units to make them more efficient campaigning forces, while another separate, and increasingly devalued, force (gorodovaia sluzhba) was retained for defensive purposes. ' Southern settlement policies were successful, if not comfortably acco- ? modated to the structures of Muscovite life. Central institutions and http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian History Brill

Why Seventeenth-Century Muscovite Campaigns Against Crimea Fell Short of What Counted

Russian History, Volume 19 (1-4): 487 – Jan 1, 1992

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 1992 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0094-288X
eISSN
1876-3316
D.O.I.
10.1163/187633192X00226
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

CAROL B. STEVENS (Hamilton, NY, U.S.A.) WHY SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY MUSCOVITE CAMPAIGNS AGAINST CRIMEA FELL SHORT OF WHAT COUNTED Muscovite policies and activities against its southern neighbors became increasingly aggressive, thoroughgoing, and more subtle by the latter half of the seventeenth century. An essentially defensive posture (the construction of fortress towns and the initiation of long-distance patrols to alert campaign forces of Tatar approach) gave way to an increasingly expansionist policy- encouraging, even forcing, settlement of southern forest steppe. By the time the Belgorod fortified line was complete in the 1650s, not only were Muscovite fortifications occupying a more prominent place further to the south than ever before, but Muscovite campaign forces had acquired new mil- itary and institutional roles on the frontier. The expansionist purposes of the new Belgorod army (and its successor-partners in Sevsk and in Tambov) may have been undeclared, but they were institutionally explicit. Frequent and of- ten major reforms revamped their field units to make them more efficient campaigning forces, while another separate, and increasingly devalued, force (gorodovaia sluzhba) was retained for defensive purposes. ' Southern settlement policies were successful, if not comfortably acco- ? modated to the structures of Muscovite life. Central institutions and

Journal

Russian HistoryBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1992

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