CAROL B. STEVENS (Hamilton, NY, U.S.A.) WHY SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY MUSCOVITE CAMPAIGNS AGAINST CRIMEA FELL SHORT OF WHAT COUNTED Muscovite policies and activities against its southern neighbors became increasingly aggressive, thoroughgoing, and more subtle by the latter half of the seventeenth century. An essentially defensive posture (the construction of fortress towns and the initiation of long-distance patrols to alert campaign forces of Tatar approach) gave way to an increasingly expansionist policy- encouraging, even forcing, settlement of southern forest steppe. By the time the Belgorod fortified line was complete in the 1650s, not only were Muscovite fortifications occupying a more prominent place further to the south than ever before, but Muscovite campaign forces had acquired new mil- itary and institutional roles on the frontier. The expansionist purposes of the new Belgorod army (and its successor-partners in Sevsk and in Tambov) may have been undeclared, but they were institutionally explicit. Frequent and of- ten major reforms revamped their field units to make them more efficient campaigning forces, while another separate, and increasingly devalued, force (gorodovaia sluzhba) was retained for defensive purposes. ' Southern settlement policies were successful, if not comfortably acco- ? modated to the structures of Muscovite life. Central institutions and
Russian History – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1992
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera