Vigiliae Christianae 65 (2011) 1-20 brill.nl/vc Vi g i l i a e C h r i s t i a n a e © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/157007210X503144 Why does the Didache Conceive of the Eucharist as a Holy Meal? Huub van de Sandt Faculty of Humanities, Department of Religious Studies, Postbus 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands H.W.M.vdSandt@uvt.nl Abstract In the institution accounts of the New Testament Jesus declares the bread to be his body and the wine his blood. In the passages of the Didache referring to the eucha- ristic ritual (Did 9-10 and 14) the words of institution are lacking. Wine is not related to Jesus’ blood and bread is in no way linked to his physical body. If the Didache does not even suggest that the eucharistic ritual is related in any way to the tradition of the Last Supper, why then is the communal meal in the Didache consid- ered holy? This paper argues that the meal was conceived in terms of holiness in order to show that it related as much to the Divine as did the temple service. Since a temple setting was generally seen as the
Vigiliae Christianae – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2011
Keywords: Didache; sacrifice; Eucharist; holiness; temple; meal; purity
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