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Why Asylum Policy Harmonisation Undermines Refugee Burden-Sharing

Why Asylum Policy Harmonisation Undermines Refugee Burden-Sharing European Journal of Migration and Law 6 : 47–65, 2004. © 2004 Koninklijke Brill NV . Printed in the Netherlands. 47 Why Asylum Policy Harmonisation Undermines Refugee Burden-Sharing EIKO R. THIELEMANN* 1. Introduction: Asylum and European Integration The recent debate about asylum in Europe has been characterised by a concern about the high number of asylum applications (compared to the mid-1980s) and their highly unequal distribution among countries. In Western Europe the absolute number of asylum applications rose sharply from about 150.000 in 1985 to more than 600.000 in 1992 before falling again, with ca 300.000 applications being recorded in 2000. Average annual asylum applications per head of population have been more than ten times higher in some of the most popular destination countries such as Switzerland and Sweden compared to the least popular ones such as Spain and Portugal. The relative distribution of asylum seekers across Europe has been quite volatile over the years, exemplified by the rapid rise of applications in the UK in recent years. Increasingly, differences in the relative restrictiveness of countries’ asylum regimes over time have come to be regarded as one of the principal reasons for disparities in asylum burdens and their http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Migration and Law Brill

Why Asylum Policy Harmonisation Undermines Refugee Burden-Sharing

European Journal of Migration and Law , Volume 6 (1): 47 – Jan 1, 2004

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2004 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1388-364X
eISSN
1571-8166
DOI
10.1163/1571816041518769
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

European Journal of Migration and Law 6 : 47–65, 2004. © 2004 Koninklijke Brill NV . Printed in the Netherlands. 47 Why Asylum Policy Harmonisation Undermines Refugee Burden-Sharing EIKO R. THIELEMANN* 1. Introduction: Asylum and European Integration The recent debate about asylum in Europe has been characterised by a concern about the high number of asylum applications (compared to the mid-1980s) and their highly unequal distribution among countries. In Western Europe the absolute number of asylum applications rose sharply from about 150.000 in 1985 to more than 600.000 in 1992 before falling again, with ca 300.000 applications being recorded in 2000. Average annual asylum applications per head of population have been more than ten times higher in some of the most popular destination countries such as Switzerland and Sweden compared to the least popular ones such as Spain and Portugal. The relative distribution of asylum seekers across Europe has been quite volatile over the years, exemplified by the rapid rise of applications in the UK in recent years. Increasingly, differences in the relative restrictiveness of countries’ asylum regimes over time have come to be regarded as one of the principal reasons for disparities in asylum burdens and their

Journal

European Journal of Migration and LawBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2004

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