WHENCE THE VOICE? A RESPONSE TO BRUCE W. LONGENECKER BY DANIEL R. SCHWARTZ Hebrew University of Jerusalem In a recent article,' Bruce W. Longenecker did me the honor of addressing a full-length response to a suggestion which, as he notes (p. 323), I made "almost in passing" in an article dealing with religion and state in Judaea in the first century.2 That suggestion was that Isaiah 40:3 ("a voice calling ...") played a significant role in the importance of the desert for various Jewish movements of the day. Longenecker, in contrast, would rather emphasize the importance of the desert's asso- ciation with the events of the Exodus and Conquest in the days of Moses and Joshua, events which would have been archetypal models for the hoped-for redemption from Rome. I find myself in agreement with most points made by Longenecker, hence surprised that he thought this topic called for an argument and for some of the diction he chose. I think there is every reason to believe that memories of the Exodus and Conquest played a role in these first- century movements and their hopes. To Longenecker's arguments I would even add, for example, the Assumption of Moses,
Journal for the Study of Judaism – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2000
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