CHRISTIAN LINDTNER WHAT IS THE DHARMAS CATURBHADRAH? This question arises when we read in Nagarjuna’s Ratnavalı 2.39: satyatyagasamaprajnacaturbhadro naradhipah / dharmas caturbhadra iva stuyate devamanusaih // ‘A king blessed with the four [virtues of] truth[fulness], generosity, peace of mind and wisdom is praised by gods and men, just as the dharma that is caturbhadra is [praised by gods and men].’ What, exactly, is the dharma that is here referred to, and in what sense is it bhadra in terms of four – four what? What are the four (things? virtues?) that render it bhadra? And what, exactly, does bhadra mean? Why four? Why not two, three or five? Unfortunately, the Ratnavalıtıka of Ajitamitra – the only Indian commentary transmitted to us – is not of much avail. It merely says: bden pa la sogs pa’i chos bzi po phan yon dan bcas par bsad pa gan yin pa de dan ldan pa’i phan yon gzan yan bden gton zes bya ba la sogs pas bstan te / bzan po’i don bsgrub pa’i phyir bden pa la sogs pa yon tan bzi dan ldan pa ni bzan ba yin no // bden pa la sogs pa bzis bzan na
Indo-Iranian Journal – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1999
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