This article examines how the Persian prison poem ( habsiyāt ) incorporated Islamic legal norms for governing non-Muslim peoples into its poetics. By tracing how Khāqāni of Shirvān (d. 1199) brought the aesthetics of incarceration to bear on Islamic legal regulations pertaining to non-Muslim communities ( ahl al-zemma ), I offer a new perspective on the politics of poetry in Persian culture. As I delineate the intertextual references to legal stipulations ( shorut ) pertaining to non-Muslims that suffuse Khāqāni’s Christian qasida , I demonstrate how the Persian poetics of incarceration coalesced into a powerful internal critique of Islamic law.
Journal of Persianate Studies – Brill
Published: Jun 8, 2016
Keywords: form; genre; prisons; Persian; political aesthetics; incarceration; Caucasus literatures; Shirvānshāh; zemmi ; Azerbaijan; Islamic law
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