NORMAN M. NAIMARK W a r s a w P o s i t i v i s m a n d t h e O r i g i n s o f P o l i s h M a r x i s m The history o f Polish political thought in the last third o f the nineteenth century is closely tied to the crushing defeat o f the 1863-64 Polish insurrection and the subse- quent measures adopted by the Russian administration to end, finally, the threat o f armed resistance from its Polish population. Between 1864 and the early 1880's the imperial government enacted a series o f laws which curtailed the public use o f the Polish language and eliminated the vestiges o f autonomous administration in the Con- gress Kingdom. In the 1864 Polish peasant emancipation (uwfaszczenie), the Russian authorities also attacked the economic predominance o f the Polish szlachta (nobility). The Polish emancipation, unlike its 1861 Russian counterpart, provided the legal and financial framework for the destruction o f gentry farming and the consolidation o f peasant landholding. Simultaneously, imperial tariff policies and railway-building p r o g r a
Canadian-American Slavic Studies – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1976
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