VEGETABLE MATTER IN LOBSTER (HOMARUS AMERICANUS) DIETS (DECAPODA, ASTACIDEA) BY MICHAEI, SYSLO and JOHN T. HUGHES State Lobster Hatchery, Vineyard Haven, Mass. 02568, U.S.A. INTRODUCTION Although researchers have for the past 25 years been trying to produce a cost effective synthetic diet for lobsters, a basic lack of knowledge of the nutritional requirement at all stages of its life cycle has hampered their efforts. With the possible future advent of commercially viable lobster facilities, this absence of a suitable diet has proven to be one of the major setbacks to their reality. Many synthetic diets have been formulated to date, but have produced a variety of problems including poor growth and/or survival, soft cxoskeletons, molting deaths and high cost. Lack of suitable binders in the diet formulation, leaching of vitamins and an inability to produce the correct consistency has been evident in most artificial diets (Conklin, Devers & Shleser, 1975). Even though a diet composed of 1 00 9lo brine shrimp (Artemia salina (L.)) has given the best growth to date and has become the standard to which all else are compared, it has proven too costly to be used on a large scale and difficult to produce
Crustaceana – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1981
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