Unregulated Deep-Sea Fisheries: A Need for a Multi-Level Approach E.J. Molenaar* Netherlands Institute for the Law of the Sea (NILOS), Utrecht University and Institute of Antarctic and Southern Ocean Studies (IASOS), University of Tasmania ABSTRACT Many deep-sea ﬁsheries share characteristics that distinguish them from other ﬁsheries in a way which heightens sustainability and biodiversity concerns. Due to their depth of operation, many deep-sea ﬁsheries occur in areas where the current international law of the sea gives coastal states no jurisdic- tion to regulate ﬁsheries unilaterally. Whereas many international ﬁsheries currently suffer from unreg- ulated ﬁshing under irresponsible ﬂags of convenience, the concerns on deep-sea ﬁsheries relate ﬁrst of all to the absence of (international) regulation. The approach advocated in this article would be one where complementary action is taken simultaneously at the global, regional and national levels. As there may not be enough time for conceptually sound and holistic but incremental processes for regime build- ing, the focus should ﬁrst of all be on ﬂexible short-term action. Introduction The strong growth in deep-sea ﬁshing activity witnessed during the last decade is largely a consequence of technological innovations (the “era of surgical ﬁshing”), the continued worldwide over-capacity in ﬁshing
The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2004
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