Unravelling Thrasymachus' Arguments in"The Republic"

Unravelling Thrasymachus' Arguments in"The Republic" 210 Unravelling Thrasymachus' Arguments in"The Republic"1 P. P. NICHOLSON I here has been much discussion recently of the encounter between Thrasymachus and Socrates in Book I of Plato's Republic. I am not here concerned with whether Thrasymachus' arguments and Socrates' replies are valid, interesting and important though that problem is, but with the fundamental problem of deciding what exactly Thrasymachus is saying about To 8(Xcx.LOV, justice. Clearly, this is a necessary preliminary to the raising of any other question about Thrasymachus' arguments. Such an investigation may also contribute to our understanding of The Republic as a whole: given the structure of the dialogue, to know what Plato dissents from can provide valuable clues to what he assents to. In brief, my aim is to support Professor Kerferd's interpretation that Thrasymachus' doctrine is that "justice is the advantage of another".2 2 Kerferd's view has not been generally accepted. I shall argue that the standard view found in most commentaries, that Thrasymachus thinks "justice is the advantage of the ruler(s)", is open to major objections, and that Kerferd's interpretation is to be preferred be- cause it avoids these objections. I shall argue further that some of the implications of Kerferd's http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Phronesis Brill

Unravelling Thrasymachus' Arguments in"The Republic"

Phronesis , Volume 19 (3): 210 – Jan 1, 1974

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Publisher
BRILL
Copyright
© 1974 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0031-8868
eISSN
1568-5284
D.O.I.
10.1163/156852874X00022
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

210 Unravelling Thrasymachus' Arguments in"The Republic"1 P. P. NICHOLSON I here has been much discussion recently of the encounter between Thrasymachus and Socrates in Book I of Plato's Republic. I am not here concerned with whether Thrasymachus' arguments and Socrates' replies are valid, interesting and important though that problem is, but with the fundamental problem of deciding what exactly Thrasymachus is saying about To 8(Xcx.LOV, justice. Clearly, this is a necessary preliminary to the raising of any other question about Thrasymachus' arguments. Such an investigation may also contribute to our understanding of The Republic as a whole: given the structure of the dialogue, to know what Plato dissents from can provide valuable clues to what he assents to. In brief, my aim is to support Professor Kerferd's interpretation that Thrasymachus' doctrine is that "justice is the advantage of another".2 2 Kerferd's view has not been generally accepted. I shall argue that the standard view found in most commentaries, that Thrasymachus thinks "justice is the advantage of the ruler(s)", is open to major objections, and that Kerferd's interpretation is to be preferred be- cause it avoids these objections. I shall argue further that some of the implications of Kerferd's

Journal

PhronesisBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1974

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