tyranny exposed 259 TYRANNY EXPOSED: MARK’S TYPOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF HEROD ANTIPAS (MARK 6:14-29) ABRAHAM SMITH Southern Methodist University Introduction Scholarship on Mark 6:14-29 generally has featured a cluster of interrelated historical and literary conundrums. 1 A short list of the historical problems includes: 1) the attribution of the title ‘king’ (6:14, 22, 25, 26, 27) to Herod Antipas who was only a tetrarch; 2 2) the unlikely possibility that an aristocrat’s daughter would dance in public; 3 3) differences between Josephus and some Markan manuscripts on the name of the dancing daughter; 4 4) differences 1 The historical and literary problems are not mutually exclusive and are listed separately only to facilitate a descriptive survey of the critical terrain. See n. 8 for one example of the literary and historical interconnections. 2 According to Josephus ( Jewish Antiquities , 17.188), Antipas was a tetrarch. As such, ‘Antipas was …(“ruler of a fourth part”) … a puppet ruler appointed by the Romans, who had removed royal sovereignty from the Jews after the death of Herod the Great.’ Joel Marcus, Mark 1-8: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary (AB; New York: Doubleday, 2000), p. 392. Unless otherwise noted, all
Biblical Interpretation – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2006
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