TRANSLATION AND COMMENTARY IN ONE: THE INTERPLAY OF PLUSES AND SUBSTITUTIONS IN THE TARGUM OF THE PROPHETS* by WILLEM F. SMELIK Kampen, The Netherlands How do we put text and translation on a par in the Bilingual Concordance to the Targum of the Prophets? In this article I will focus on the parity of source and target text and the editorial decisions under- lying equations of Aramaic with Hebrew lexemes in the afore-mentioned concordance.' I will briefly discuss the character of Targum Jonathan and present a sample of translations and their Aramaic-Hebrew relation- ships, especially concentrating on the substitution and glosses of words by way of multiple translation. It will be convenient to introduce the Bilingual Concordance in a few words.' In the Bilingual Concordance the Aramaic text is presented in the form of alphabetically arranged lexemes. These lexemes are pro- vided with an English translation, grammatical analysis and the appro- priate Hebrew counterpart, if any. The procedure of equating Aramaic with Hebrew is based on formal equivalence of Aramaic and Hebrew texts.3 That is to say, we align the Hebrew and Aramaic editions of * Part of this paper was presented at the International Meeting of the
Journal for the Study of Judaism – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1998
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