1. Introduction When combating trafficking in human beings (THB), an integrated approach based on human rights in which counter trafficking measures are orchestrated and originate from different disciplines, is generally advocated. 1 Over the last couple of years, there has been an increased focus on THB for labour exploitation but this focus has not yet watered down through all the levels and parties playing a role in an integrated approach to combating THB for labour exploitation. More than twelve years after the adoption of the internationally agreed definition in the Palermo Protocol, 2 much remains unclear in relation to the actual definition; the new stakeholders involved in combating this form of THB are still not familiar with their new roles and tasks; and NGOs providing victim support still mainly focus on THB for sexual exploitation and female victims. Although an intergrated approach is generally advocated the question of how it works in practice and which improvements can be made to realise such an approach is legitimised. This question will be addressed in this article in order to take the evolvement of such an approach a step further. To that end, the difficulties related to the distinctions between exploitation
European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2013
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