THOUGHTS, OBJECTIVES, AND STATES OF AFFAIRS

THOUGHTS, OBJECTIVES, AND STATES OF AFFAIRS THOUGHTS, OBJECTIVES, AND STATES OF AFFAIRS Reinhardt GROSSMANN Indiana University At the turn of this century, ontology experienced a revolution. Several new categories were added to the traditional Platonic Aristotelian inventory consisting of individual things and their properties. Added were relations, sets, and states of affairs. Of course, this revolution did not take place overnight. It developed slowly with many tentative and some aborted steps. This is quite obvious for the category I wish to consider here, namely, the category of state of affairs. In the distant past, we find the medieval view of the complexly significable ofGregory ofRimini. (See G. Nuchelmans' two books: Theories of the proposition, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam,1973; and Late Scholastic and Humanist Theories of the Proposition, ibid., 1980.) But the recent discovery of the category of state of affairs begins with Bolzano. (B. Bolzano, Wissenschaftslehre, 4 vols., Sulzbach, Seidel 1837; English transl. by R. George, Oxford, Blackwell 1972.) Bolzano's ontology rests on his notion of a sentence as such (Satz an sich). Sentences as such, to give an idea of Bolzano's innovation, are (1) not spatial and not temporal, (2) not causally effective, (3) not mind-dependent, (4) not dependent on language, and (5) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Grazer Philosophische Studien Brill

THOUGHTS, OBJECTIVES, AND STATES OF AFFAIRS

THOUGHTS, OBJECTIVES, AND STATES OF AFFAIRS


THOUGHTS, OBJECTIVES, AND STATES OF AFFAIRS Reinhardt GROSSMANN Indiana University At the turn of this century, ontology experienced a revolution. Several new categories were added to the traditional Platonic Aristotelian inventory consisting of individual things and their properties. Added were relations, sets, and states of affairs. Of course, this revolution did not take place overnight. It developed slowly with many tentative and some aborted steps. This is quite obvious for the category I wish to consider here, namely, the category of state of affairs. In the distant past, we find the medieval view of the complexly significable ofGregory ofRimini. (See G. Nuchelmans' two books: Theories of the proposition, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam,1973; and Late Scholastic and Humanist Theories of the Proposition, ibid., 1980.) But the recent discovery of the category of state of affairs begins with Bolzano. (B. Bolzano, Wissenschaftslehre, 4 vols., Sulzbach, Seidel 1837; English transl. by R. George, Oxford, Blackwell 1972.) Bolzano's ontology rests on his notion of a sentence as such (Satz an sich). Sentences as such, to give an idea of Bolzano's innovation, are (1) not spatial and not temporal, (2) not causally effective, (3) not mind-dependent, (4) not dependent on language, and (5) the contents of judgments and the meanings of sentences. (Compare Jan Berg, Ontology Without Ultrafilters and Possible Worlds, Academia, Sankt Augustin 1992.) Bolzano's logic, therefore, was radically different from the customary conception of logic as concerned with such mental things as concepts, judgments, and inferences. (Compare, as a paradigm, Herbart's view in Gesammelte Werke, Kehrbach Ausgabe, Leipzig 1884, vol. 2.) His logic deals with "objective" things, namely, sentences as such and their non-mental constituents, so-called ideas as such. The same tendency to replace mental concepts, judgments, and inferences by non-mental...
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Publisher
BRILL
Copyright
© Copyright 1995 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0165-9227
eISSN
1875-6735
D.O.I.
10.1163/18756735-90000600
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

THOUGHTS, OBJECTIVES, AND STATES OF AFFAIRS Reinhardt GROSSMANN Indiana University At the turn of this century, ontology experienced a revolution. Several new categories were added to the traditional Platonic Aristotelian inventory consisting of individual things and their properties. Added were relations, sets, and states of affairs. Of course, this revolution did not take place overnight. It developed slowly with many tentative and some aborted steps. This is quite obvious for the category I wish to consider here, namely, the category of state of affairs. In the distant past, we find the medieval view of the complexly significable ofGregory ofRimini. (See G. Nuchelmans' two books: Theories of the proposition, North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam,1973; and Late Scholastic and Humanist Theories of the Proposition, ibid., 1980.) But the recent discovery of the category of state of affairs begins with Bolzano. (B. Bolzano, Wissenschaftslehre, 4 vols., Sulzbach, Seidel 1837; English transl. by R. George, Oxford, Blackwell 1972.) Bolzano's ontology rests on his notion of a sentence as such (Satz an sich). Sentences as such, to give an idea of Bolzano's innovation, are (1) not spatial and not temporal, (2) not causally effective, (3) not mind-dependent, (4) not dependent on language, and (5)

Journal

Grazer Philosophische StudienBrill

Published: Aug 12, 1995

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