© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009 DOI: 10.1163/157180609X432833 International Negotiation 14 (2009) 281–310 brill.nl/iner Th ird Party Mediation of International River Disputes: Lessons from the Indus River Neda A. Zawahri * Department of Political Science, Cleveland State University 2121 Euclid Ave. RT 1757, Cleveland, Ohio 44115-2214, USA (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org) Received 2 April 2008; accepted 13 August 2008 Abs tract Th ird parties have been active in assisting adversarial states to navigate their international river disputes. By using the carrot and stick to facilitate compromise, mediators have also participated in the negotia- tions leading to the signing of treaties over international rivers. Yet, due to the nature of the issue con- fronting riparian states, the long-term impact of these eﬀ orts is likely to be unstable cooperation rather than cooperation. Th is is still an important contribution, because the absence of mediation eﬀ orts may contribute to an environment of conﬂ ict. However, since riparian states confront a relationship that involves the need to continuously manage disputes that arise as states develop their international rivers, a mediator may be more eﬀ ective in facilitating cooperation if it assists developing states with a history of animosity to establish eﬀ ectively
International Negotiation – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2009
Keywords: COOPERATION OVER INTERNATIONAL RIVERS; MEDIATING RIVER DISPUTES; INDUS RIVER; INDUS WATERS TREATY; EUPHRATES AND TIGRIS RIVERS
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