Piero Corradini THE WORSHIP OF HEAVEN AND OF EARTH DURING THE QING DYNASTY 1. State rites and legitimation. In imperial China state worship of Heaven and of Earth was necessary for the legitimation of imperial power I. This worship was performed outside the walls of the capital city and for this reason the rites were calledjiao si ~ßfE. or "peripheral rites". to Heaven (Tian ~) were held in the southem suburbs of The sacrifices the capital, on the occasion of the winter solstice, while those in honor of the Earth (Di ±lli) were held in the northem suburbs, on the occasion of the sum mer solstice. The origins of these ceremonies can be traced back to the Zhou JffJ period and they took on a definitive ritual form during the Han i~. The Zhou Li JffJf! [Rites of the Zhou] speaks about a sacrifice to Heaven on a round mound (Yuan Qiu 15lJ5-.) to be held at the winter solstice and of a sacrifice to the Earth on a square mound (Fang Qiu 1J JT.) to be held on the summer solstice • Emperor Chengdi' nlG* of the Han inaugurated his accession to the throne in Chang'an -K1C with
Ming Qing Yanjiu – Brill
Published: Dec 1, 1835
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