THE WORD T RKB IN THE ARAD OSTRACON*) by VICTOR SASSON Jerusalem Arad Inscription no. 1 reads as follows 1) : To Eliashib-and now: give the Kittiyim three baths of wine and write the name of the day. And from the remainder of the first wheat grind up one kor (?) of wheat to make bread for them. From the wine of the basins you should give (them). The word trkb in this inscription has occasioned a number of scholarly treatments ever since the publication of Aharoni's article "Hebrew Ostraca from Tel-Arad", Israel Exp%raiion Joarna/ 16 (1966), pp. 1-7. The difficulty of the word trkb seemed to lie in its context. The consonantal root rkb is quite well-attested in the Hebrew Bible in various verbal and nominal forms. It has the basic meaning "mount and ride, ride" 2). In the present inscription the word trkb in connec- tion with qmh did not seem to make much sense to the editor. Following a suggestion made by Z. Ben-Hayyim, Aharoni initially understood the word trkb as a scribal error for trbk, relating it to mrbkt in Lev. vi 14, vii 12 and 1 Chr. xxiii 29. In this way trbk-
Vetus Testamentum – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1980
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