The United Kingdom and Diplomatic Assurances: A Minimalist Approach towards the Anti-Torture Norm

The United Kingdom and Diplomatic Assurances: A Minimalist Approach towards the Anti-Torture Norm In recent years, domestic counter-terrorism measures have reshaped the relationship between individual terrorist suspects and the state. Regional and international human rights frameworks regulating government behaviour during or after an emergency appear not to be a priority when set against national security concerns. The increasing reliance on diplomatic assurances and memoranda of understanding as means to fulfil the obligations stemming from the anti-torture norm is an illustration of this state approach. These agreements are not enforceable in law however they do form part of long established diplomatic practice. What distinguishes the pre and post 9/11 terrain however is not the use of these agreements per se . Rather, it is the growing use of these agreements as part of extradition or deportation proceedings or as part of irregular transfers such as extraordinary renditions in order to reduce state obligations under the human rights framework. The heavy reliance on these agreements by the United Kingdom, particularly after 9/11, illustrates aptly the changing approach towards national security. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Criminal Law Review Brill

The United Kingdom and Diplomatic Assurances: A Minimalist Approach towards the Anti-Torture Norm

International Criminal Law Review, Volume 15 (2): 369 – Jan 22, 2015

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2015 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
Subject
ArticleS
ISSN
1567-536X
eISSN
1571-8123
D.O.I.
10.1163/15718123-01502005
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In recent years, domestic counter-terrorism measures have reshaped the relationship between individual terrorist suspects and the state. Regional and international human rights frameworks regulating government behaviour during or after an emergency appear not to be a priority when set against national security concerns. The increasing reliance on diplomatic assurances and memoranda of understanding as means to fulfil the obligations stemming from the anti-torture norm is an illustration of this state approach. These agreements are not enforceable in law however they do form part of long established diplomatic practice. What distinguishes the pre and post 9/11 terrain however is not the use of these agreements per se . Rather, it is the growing use of these agreements as part of extradition or deportation proceedings or as part of irregular transfers such as extraordinary renditions in order to reduce state obligations under the human rights framework. The heavy reliance on these agreements by the United Kingdom, particularly after 9/11, illustrates aptly the changing approach towards national security.

Journal

International Criminal Law ReviewBrill

Published: Jan 22, 2015

Keywords: counter-terrorism; human rights; diplomatic assurances; memoranda of understanding; United Kingdom; extradition; deportation; rendition

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