THE TWO PORTUGUESE EMBASSIES TO CHINA DURING THE K'ANG-HSI PERIOD BY LO-SHU FU During the early K'ang-hsi period two Portuguese embassies reached the court of China. These missions have escaped the notice of historians because neither Western nor Chinese sources report them in detail. The Portuguese embassies were those of Manuel de Saldanha, in 1670, and Bento Pereyra de Faria, in 1678. The arrival of the two ambassadors was closely related to the political events of the early Ch'ing period. The Embassy of Manuel de Saldanha, 1667-70 A basic reason for the embassy of Manuel de Saldanha was the famous martial law of 1662 prohibiting navigation and ordering the removal inland of the coastal population of five maritime provinces of Fukien, Kwangtung, Cheking, Kiangnan (Kiangsu and Anhwei), Shangtung. Earlier, on August 6, 1656 an edict of pro- hibition of navigation had been published but had not been carried out by the local officials. However, immediately after the forces of Cheng Cheng-kung (Koxinga) retreated from his fa- mous Kiangnan expedition to the seacoast of Fukien, there was much discussion in court about a policy of C/?M-?'-c/??-y? (fortify the wall and clear the field) in order to starve Cheng into
T'oung Pao – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1954
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera