The Two Portuguese Embassies To China During the K'Ang-Hsi Period

The Two Portuguese Embassies To China During the K'Ang-Hsi Period THE TWO PORTUGUESE EMBASSIES TO CHINA DURING THE K'ANG-HSI PERIOD BY LO-SHU FU During the early K'ang-hsi period two Portuguese embassies reached the court of China. These missions have escaped the notice of historians because neither Western nor Chinese sources report them in detail. The Portuguese embassies were those of Manuel de Saldanha, in 1670, and Bento Pereyra de Faria, in 1678. The arrival of the two ambassadors was closely related to the political events of the early Ch'ing period. The Embassy of Manuel de Saldanha, 1667-70 A basic reason for the embassy of Manuel de Saldanha was the famous martial law of 1662 prohibiting navigation and ordering the removal inland of the coastal population of five maritime provinces of Fukien, Kwangtung, Cheking, Kiangnan (Kiangsu and Anhwei), Shangtung. Earlier, on August 6, 1656 an edict of pro- hibition of navigation had been published but had not been carried out by the local officials. However, immediately after the forces of Cheng Cheng-kung (Koxinga) retreated from his fa- mous Kiangnan expedition to the seacoast of Fukien, there was much discussion in court about a policy of C/?M-?'-c/??-y? (fortify the wall and clear the field) in order to starve Cheng into http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png T'oung Pao Brill

The Two Portuguese Embassies To China During the K'Ang-Hsi Period

T'oung Pao , Volume 43 (1): 75 – Jan 1, 1954

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Publisher
BRILL
Copyright
© 1954 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0082-5433
eISSN
1568-5322
D.O.I.
10.1163/156853254X00038
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

THE TWO PORTUGUESE EMBASSIES TO CHINA DURING THE K'ANG-HSI PERIOD BY LO-SHU FU During the early K'ang-hsi period two Portuguese embassies reached the court of China. These missions have escaped the notice of historians because neither Western nor Chinese sources report them in detail. The Portuguese embassies were those of Manuel de Saldanha, in 1670, and Bento Pereyra de Faria, in 1678. The arrival of the two ambassadors was closely related to the political events of the early Ch'ing period. The Embassy of Manuel de Saldanha, 1667-70 A basic reason for the embassy of Manuel de Saldanha was the famous martial law of 1662 prohibiting navigation and ordering the removal inland of the coastal population of five maritime provinces of Fukien, Kwangtung, Cheking, Kiangnan (Kiangsu and Anhwei), Shangtung. Earlier, on August 6, 1656 an edict of pro- hibition of navigation had been published but had not been carried out by the local officials. However, immediately after the forces of Cheng Cheng-kung (Koxinga) retreated from his fa- mous Kiangnan expedition to the seacoast of Fukien, there was much discussion in court about a policy of C/?M-?'-c/??-y? (fortify the wall and clear the field) in order to starve Cheng into

Journal

T'oung PaoBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1954

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