INTRODUCTION It has been recognized that "nuclear-weapon-free zonesi constitute one of the most effective means of preventing the proliferation, both horizontal and vertical, of nuclear weapons and for contributing to the elimination of the danger of a nuclear holocaust"2. The creation of such zones has contributed in no small measure to the enhancement of obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) which endorses the right of groups of States to conclude "regional treaties in order to assure the total absence of nuclear weapons in their respective territories"3- The first nuclear-weapon-free zone was established in the Latin American and Caribbean zone by the Treaty of Tlatelolco which was signed on 14 February 1967 and entered into force on 22 April 19684- The next step was the Treaty of Rarotonga which created a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the South Pacific. It was signed on 6 August 1985 - the fortieth anniversary of the bombing of Hiroshima - and entered into force on I 1 December 19865. In December 1995, all ten countries of South East Asia signed the Southeast Asia Nuclear Weapon-Free Zone Treaty6. The African Nuclear- Weapon-Free Zone Treaty was adopted in June 1995 and opened for signature in April
African Yearbook of International Law Online – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1996
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