The transplantation of Buddhism to Germany: Processive modes and strategies of adaptation Martin Baumann More than a century ago Buddhism came over to North Amenca and Europe. Right from the beginning the process of transplantation went along with an adaptation of Buddhist teaching and ntual to the new sociocultural contexts. This article outlines several processive modes which occur while geographically transplanting a religious tradition. In addition, within these dynamic but not necessarily successive modes certam strategies of adaptation are differentiated. The ways in which a religious tradition is transplanted vary according to its supporters and certain conditions. There may be specially trained missionanes coming from foreign countries, some native converts who took up the religion abroad or studied relevant religious scnpts distributed in their country. The transplantation might be the result of a migration process of individuals or an ethnic group introducing the new religious tradition. The reasons for migration differ according to causes, motives and constrains.' The cases of transplantation dealt with in this paper will be those in which protagomsts of the new religion take an active part in winning converts, and thus develop expedient means by which to achieve this end. Forms of religious transplantation
Method & Theory in the Study of Religion – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1994
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