Inner Asia 6 (2004): 95–109 © 2004 The White Horse Press The Transformation of Pastoralism in Buryatia: The Aginsky Steppe Example 1 NIKOLAY N. KRADIN Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences 89 Pushkinskaja Street, Vladivostok, 690950 RUSSIA Email: email@example.com ABSTRACT This article deals with the structure of the pastoral economy of East Trans-Baikal- ian Buryats (Aginsky region). The herd structure used to include the fi ve basic species of domestic animals of Eurasia: sheep, cattle, horses and, more rarely, goats and camels. A horse was of the utmost economic and status signifi cance. However, the quantity of sheep and goats was larger. The pastoral groups owned the land and the nomads migrated with their herds along their traditional seasonal routes. In the last quarter of the nineteenth century, the infl uence of the Russian economy on the Buryat nomadic economy began to increase. In the USSR, these processes were more intensive. A complete sedenterisation of Buryat society took place. Agriculture was developed and nearly one-quarter of the pastures were used as arable lands. The pastoral economy changed from subsistence to one that was guided by the market. Since wool
Inner Asia – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2004
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