The Transformation of Europe: The Role of Scandinavia

The Transformation of Europe: The Role of Scandinavia © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2004 Medieval Encounters 10,1-3 Also available online – www.brill.nl 1 “The Transformation of Europe as a Eurasian Phenomenon”, in this volume; cf. also his The First European Revolution, c. 970-1215 (Oxford, 2001). THE TRANSFORMATION OF EUROPE: THE ROLE OF SCANDINAVIA SVERRE BAGGE ABSTRACT The article examines Scandinavia’s role in the transformation of Europe in the Middle Ages. First, an important aspect of this transformation is the great expan- sion of Western Christendom from the tenth century onwards, which led to the establishment of new political entities rather than to an extension of polities in the “old” Europe. Thus, the expansion meant an important step in the direction of a characteristic European feature, a system of independent polities within a common culture. Second, the article examines the particular form this common culture took in Scandinavia, the introduction of European military technology in at least parts of the area and its consequences, the introduction of Christianity, Latin culture, and Scholasticism, and the introduction of bureaucracy in the service of monarchy and Church, based on the use of writing. However, despite increasing Europeanisation during the period, the Scandinavian countries also show speci fi c features and http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Medieval Encounters Brill

The Transformation of Europe: The Role of Scandinavia

Medieval Encounters, Volume 10 (1-3): 131 – Jan 1, 2004

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2004 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1380-7854
eISSN
1570-0674
D.O.I.
10.1163/1570067043077814
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2004 Medieval Encounters 10,1-3 Also available online – www.brill.nl 1 “The Transformation of Europe as a Eurasian Phenomenon”, in this volume; cf. also his The First European Revolution, c. 970-1215 (Oxford, 2001). THE TRANSFORMATION OF EUROPE: THE ROLE OF SCANDINAVIA SVERRE BAGGE ABSTRACT The article examines Scandinavia’s role in the transformation of Europe in the Middle Ages. First, an important aspect of this transformation is the great expan- sion of Western Christendom from the tenth century onwards, which led to the establishment of new political entities rather than to an extension of polities in the “old” Europe. Thus, the expansion meant an important step in the direction of a characteristic European feature, a system of independent polities within a common culture. Second, the article examines the particular form this common culture took in Scandinavia, the introduction of European military technology in at least parts of the area and its consequences, the introduction of Christianity, Latin culture, and Scholasticism, and the introduction of bureaucracy in the service of monarchy and Church, based on the use of writing. However, despite increasing Europeanisation during the period, the Scandinavian countries also show speci fi c features and

Journal

Medieval EncountersBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2004

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