235 THE THEORY, PRACTICE, AND EVALUATION OF THE PHENOMENOLOGICAL METHOD AS A QUALITATIVE RESEARCH PROCEDURE AMEDEO GIORGI, Saybrook University ABSTRACT This article points out the criteria necessary in order for a qualitative scien- tific method to qualify itself as phenomenological in a descriptive Husserlian sense. One would have to employ (1) description (2) within the attitude of the phenomenological reduction, and (3) seek the most invariant meanings for a context. The results of this analysis are used to critique an article by Klein and Westcott (1994), that presents a typology of the development of the phenomenological psychological method. Throughout its history, the relationship between phenomenology and psychology has been intricate and blurred, but perhaps the relevance of phenomenology to psychology can be better understood if spe- cific, restricted zones of experience could be compared, one by one, instead of attempting a comprehensive comparison. One such re- stricted type of experience would be with respect to the phenom- enological method. The articulation of the phenomenological method has also had its vicissitudes, and its application has also been sporadic and uneven. However, the issue of the phenomenological method's application to psychology has come up recently because of a long article
Journal of Phenomenological Psychology – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1997
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