The Syro-Hittite Origin of Bactrian-Margiana Glyptics

The Syro-Hittite Origin of Bactrian-Margiana Glyptics THE SYRO-HITTITE ORIGIN OF BACTRIAN-MARGIANA GLYPTICS V.I. SARIANIDI In the last two decades one of the most momentous discoveries in the archaeology of Central Asia has been that of a highly-developed culture of an Ancient Eastern type in Bactria and Margiana relating to the Late Bronze Age. The provisional name which it has been given is BMAC (the Archaeological Complex of Bactria and Margiana).' Characteristic finds connected with this culture are the unusual seals, which occupy a special place in the glyptics of the Ancient East. Apart from these finds in Bactria and Margiana copper-bronze. cloisonne seals and amulets with engraved designs on both sides (the three- sided prisms and the cylindrical seals to a lesser extent) of this type were also widespread in Eastern Iran and Baluchistan. To the West of the Tepe-Hissar - Shahdad - Tepe-Yahya line they are virtually unknown. Isolated finds of such seals in the territory between Elam and Mari in Syria can be explained away as imports.2 The first scholar who researched Bactrian glyoptics, P. Amiet, noted its Western origins straight away, pointing out at the time that the amulets from Bactria resemble more closely examples of Syro-Anatolian rather than Mesopotamian glyptics.3 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia Brill

The Syro-Hittite Origin of Bactrian-Margiana Glyptics

Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia, Volume 6 (3-4): 207 – Jan 1, 2000

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2000 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0929-077X
eISSN
1570-0577
D.O.I.
10.1163/157005700X00168
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

THE SYRO-HITTITE ORIGIN OF BACTRIAN-MARGIANA GLYPTICS V.I. SARIANIDI In the last two decades one of the most momentous discoveries in the archaeology of Central Asia has been that of a highly-developed culture of an Ancient Eastern type in Bactria and Margiana relating to the Late Bronze Age. The provisional name which it has been given is BMAC (the Archaeological Complex of Bactria and Margiana).' Characteristic finds connected with this culture are the unusual seals, which occupy a special place in the glyptics of the Ancient East. Apart from these finds in Bactria and Margiana copper-bronze. cloisonne seals and amulets with engraved designs on both sides (the three- sided prisms and the cylindrical seals to a lesser extent) of this type were also widespread in Eastern Iran and Baluchistan. To the West of the Tepe-Hissar - Shahdad - Tepe-Yahya line they are virtually unknown. Isolated finds of such seals in the territory between Elam and Mari in Syria can be explained away as imports.2 The first scholar who researched Bactrian glyoptics, P. Amiet, noted its Western origins straight away, pointing out at the time that the amulets from Bactria resemble more closely examples of Syro-Anatolian rather than Mesopotamian glyptics.3

Journal

Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to SiberiaBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2000

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