THE SIN-OFFERING AND THE GUILT-OFFERING BY N. H. SNAITH Thetford It has been customary to classify the t3tm (guilt-offering) as a type of nHUn (sin-offering), or at least to think of them as being in the same class (GRAY, Sacrifice in the Old Testament., p. 65). This has been ine- vitable, since there appears to be confusion between the two in the sacrificial code itself, to some extent in the Hebrew, but to a much greater extent in the modern translations. (See DE VAUx, Ancient Irrael, p. 421, who gives a list of the inconsistencies that exist in the relevant chapters of Leviticus and Numbers). His conclusion is that the last redactors had no clear idea of the difference 'between two terms which had originally been synonymous or they confused two terms whose precise meaning they did not understand'. Our view is that the difference between the two terms is that the sin-offering is concerned with unwitting offences whilst the guilt offering is concerned with offences where damage has been done and loss incurred, which in most cases can be assessed. But the confusion is still there. o Lev. iv 1-v 13 is concerned with the sin-offering. Lev.
Vetus Testamentum – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1965
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