THE SIMILITUDES OF ENOCH. HISTORICAL ALLUSIONS BY G. BAMPFYLDE Postsmouth Since the publication of J. C. HINDLEY'S article,') and the publication of J. T. MILIK'S works on the fragments of Enochic literature from Qumran Cave 42) attention needs to be riveted on the apparently isolated historical reference in 1 En. 56 to the ac- tivities of the Parthians and Medes, but it needs to be treated with a much greater care for history. Fragments of eleven manuscripts representing parts of the Book of Enoch have been found in Cave 4, but not a single fragment represents the Similitudes of Enoch3). This fact is enough for MILK to say that Sim. En. did not exist in the pre-Christian era4). Hence the pre-Christian date for Sim. En. is hazardous to maintain, but a post-Christian date very problematic to place. MILIK too relies upon the historical allusion to the Parthians and Medes to date the book as a Greek Christian composition around the year AD 270 or shortly afterwards'). H1NDI,Ey relates ch. 56 to Trajan's Parthian campaign AD 113-7. HINDLEY and MILIK take contrasting views on the origin of Sim. En. HlrrDl.Ey proposes that it is the work of a Jew
Journal for the Study of Judaism – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1984
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