47 The Second Gulf Crisis and the Relation between Collective Security and Collective Self-Defense T.D. GILL* I INTRODUCTION The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait which took place on August 2, 1990 brought an end to the notion that because the Cold War has ended, a new era free of armed conflict had arrived. The invasion of Kuwait and the subsequent confrontation in the Gulf region between Iraq and various members of the international community with a stake in the stability of the region have demonstrated, that notwithstanding the dramatic improvement in East West relations, the world continues to be a dangerous place. If many of the so-called regional conflicts that took place during the period of East-West confrontation were fueled and prolonged by the backing of the superpowers for their respective clients and allies, others were not, at least not principally, the result or consequence of the Cold War. The growing military potential of a number of States in the so-called Third World set against the background of internal instability, rapidly changing international relationships, intraregional and interregional disparities in power and income, and sometimes longstanding ethnic, religious and territorial rival- ries, will all continue to provide a breeding ground
Grotiana – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1989
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