The Samaritan Pentateuch and the Scribal Culture of Second Temple Judaism

The Samaritan Pentateuch and the Scribal Culture of Second Temple Judaism The Samaritan Pentateuch ( sp ), along with its Qumran forebears, has deservedly been regarded as a key source of information for understanding the scribal culture of early Judaism. Yet studies have tended to emphasize the relative uniformity of the characteristic pre- sp readings as evidence of a scribal approach distinct within Second Temple Judaism. This article argues that both the uniformity and the distinctiveness of these readings have been overstated: there is more internal diversity within pre- sp than is usually recognized, and similar or identical readings are also preserved in other manuscript traditions. Rather than representing a distinctive scribal approach or school, the readings of pre- sp are better taken as a particularly concentrated example of scribal attitudes and techniques that appear to have been widespread in early Judaism. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal for the Study of Judaism Brill

The Samaritan Pentateuch and the Scribal Culture of Second Temple Judaism

Journal for the Study of Judaism, Volume 46 (3): 285 – Aug 25, 2015

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0047-2212
eISSN
1570-0631
DOI
10.1163/15700631-12340103
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The Samaritan Pentateuch ( sp ), along with its Qumran forebears, has deservedly been regarded as a key source of information for understanding the scribal culture of early Judaism. Yet studies have tended to emphasize the relative uniformity of the characteristic pre- sp readings as evidence of a scribal approach distinct within Second Temple Judaism. This article argues that both the uniformity and the distinctiveness of these readings have been overstated: there is more internal diversity within pre- sp than is usually recognized, and similar or identical readings are also preserved in other manuscript traditions. Rather than representing a distinctive scribal approach or school, the readings of pre- sp are better taken as a particularly concentrated example of scribal attitudes and techniques that appear to have been widespread in early Judaism.

Journal

Journal for the Study of JudaismBrill

Published: Aug 25, 2015

Keywords: Samaritan Pentateuch; Pre-Samaritan Texts; Second Temple Judaism; Scribes; Scribal Culture; Harmonization; Qumran Biblical Manuscripts; Hellenistic Culture; 4QpaleoExod m ; 4QNum b

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