The Rosa Luxemburg Myth: A Critique of Luxemburg’s Politics in Poland (1893–1919)

The Rosa Luxemburg Myth: A Critique of Luxemburg’s Politics in Poland (1893–1919) This article challenges widespread uncritical portrayals of Rosa Luxemburg. By examining the politics and practices of Luxemburg and her SDKPiL party in Poland, I show that their commitment to proletarian emancipation was undermined by sectarian and doctrinaire tendencies that contributed to the defeat of Poland’s workers’ revolutions in 1905 and 1918–19. A critical analysis of their approaches to the national question, the Polish Socialist Party, German Social Democracy, and the role of the revolutionary party, undermines the prevailing romanticisation of Luxemburg. I argue that the Polish Socialist Party, Luxemburg’s main political rival, posed a viable Marxist alternative for Poland’s revolutionary movement. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Historical Materialism Brill

The Rosa Luxemburg Myth: A Critique of Luxemburg’s Politics in Poland (1893–1919)

Historical Materialism, Volume 25 (4): 34 – Feb 14, 2017

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
Copyright © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1465-4466
eISSN
1569-206X
DOI
10.1163/1569206X-12341548
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This article challenges widespread uncritical portrayals of Rosa Luxemburg. By examining the politics and practices of Luxemburg and her SDKPiL party in Poland, I show that their commitment to proletarian emancipation was undermined by sectarian and doctrinaire tendencies that contributed to the defeat of Poland’s workers’ revolutions in 1905 and 1918–19. A critical analysis of their approaches to the national question, the Polish Socialist Party, German Social Democracy, and the role of the revolutionary party, undermines the prevailing romanticisation of Luxemburg. I argue that the Polish Socialist Party, Luxemburg’s main political rival, posed a viable Marxist alternative for Poland’s revolutionary movement.

Journal

Historical MaterialismBrill

Published: Feb 14, 2017

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