320 Book Reviews / Religion & Th eology 16 (2009) 299–334 Th e Roman Empire and the New Testament: An Essential Guide . By Warren Carter. Nashville: Abingdon, 2006 (Abingdon Essential Guides). Pp. 148. GBP 10.00 (Paperback). ISBN 0-687- 34391-4148. Th is introduction is “not about ‘Roman backgrounds’ to the New Testament, because it under- stands Rome’s empire to be in the foreground. It is the world in which ﬁ rst-century Christians lived their daily lives. It is the world that the New Testament writings negotiate throughout. . . . Th is book recognizes that Rome’s empire does not disappear or go away when it is not explicitly mentioned. It is always there. It forms the pervasive context of the New Testament writings” (ix). Carter sets out with a succinct description of “Th e Roman Imperial World” as hierarchical, aristocratic, agrarian and legionary (1–13). His basic thesis is that “Th e Roman Empire provides the ever-present political, economic, societal, and religious framework and context for the New Testament’s claims, language, structures, personnel, and scenes. Th e New Testament texts guide ﬁ rst-century followers of Jesus in negotiating Rome’s power that cruciﬁ ed Jesus” (1). Carter dis- cusses the
Religion and Theology – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2009
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