THE RHETORIC OF JAMES 3:1-12 AND A CLASSICAL PATTERN OF ARGUMENTATION by DUANE F. WATSON Canton, Ohio Martin Dibelius argued for the disunity of Jas 3:1-12: "we observe how the ideas bump against or even clash with one another-evidence that the author is transmitting school mate- rial."' He believed that vv. 1-2 are traditional admonitions, and at least vv. 3-12 are a borrowed diatribe of Hellenistic-Jewish origin quite unrelated to vv. 1 -2 . However, more modern commentators argue that "there are sufficient links in language, thought and style with the rest of the epistle to make it clear that, whatever in his environment he may have drawn upon, this section also is James's composition. "3 Topical links bear out this judgment, the more important of which include yivoyai ( I : 1 2 , 2 2 , 2 5 ; 2:4, 10, 11; 3:1, 9, 10; 5:2), 7t'tIX(W (2:10; 3:2), riXetoq (1 :4, 1 7, 25; 3:2; cf. uXii6m- 2 :22), X«?w«YwY€w (1:26; 3:2), (2:16, 26; 3:2, 3, 6), fio6Xoyai (1:18; 3:4; 4:4), Y7?c?aaa (1:26; 3:5, 6, 8), xa9v???,c (3:6; 4:4), yiveatq ( 1 : 2 3 ; 3:6), cXxIX'tcicr'tIX'toç (1 :8 ; 3:8; cf. axaTaaTaaia -
Novum Testamentum – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1993
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