1 Herodotus ( fth century bce ) 2, 109: ÒKnowledge of the sundial and the gnomon and the twelve divisions of the day came into Greece from Babylon.Ó 2 A. Roitman, A Day at Qumran: The Dead Sea Sect and Its Scrolls (Jerusalem: The Israel Museum, 1997). THE QUMRAN SUNDIAL AS AN ODOMETER USING FIXED LENGTHS OF HOURS BARBARA THIERING Sydney, Australia With the discovery of the small stone sundial at Qumran, there is further evidence of the Qumran interest in the measurement of time. But although the main purpose of the object is evident, there has been di f culty in understanding how it actually worked. The circular object with rings and marks was manufactured out of limestone in the shape of a at basin with a low rim, and is only 14.5 cm (about six inches) in diameter (Diagram A). A depression in the centre was obviously intended to hold a short upright stick, the gno- mon, whose shadow fell at di ff erent places according to the season and hour. The existence of such devices for measuring the equinoxes and solstices by shadows is attested in ancient sources. 1 The series of rings
Dead Sea Discoveries – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2002
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