The Quantitative Study of National Character Interchronological and International Perspectives CHIKIO HAYASHI* ABSTRACT The fundamental concepts and methodologies of the quantitative study of national character are described with heuristic examples. The two major foundations of the quantitative study of national character are its interchronological and international comparative aspects, whose associated research methods are quite different. In the former case, time-series surveys are indispensable. Various problems concerning these surveys are discussed. In the latter case, a new method of "cultural link analy- sis" is developed. Through these two approaches, commonalities and differences, and universalities and particularities of national characters are explored. The statistical definition of national character on various levels is shown. Besides these theoretical considerations, the paper presents results from survey studies, based on cultural link analysis, in seven nations, encompassing the following groups: Americans, Dutch, English, French, Germans, Italians and Japanese (including Japanese Americans and non-Japanese Americans in Hawaii, and Japanese Brazilians in Brazil). Introduction EVER SINCE Wilhelm Max Wundt (1832-1920) first studied national char- acter scientifically and published Elemente der V61kerpsychologie (Leipzig: Alfred Kroner, 1911-1920), the only systematic approaches to the study appeared in non- academic publications and they could rarely be considered scientific by contemporary
International Journal of Comparative Sociology (in 2002 continued as Comparative Sociology) – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1998
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