THE PUNISHMENT OF THE WICKED PRIEST AND THE DEATH OF JUDAS RICK VAN DE WATER Jerusalem In a recent reassesment of Jonathan the Hasmonean as the Wicked Priest of the Qumran pesharim , the claim has been made that all other theories have been refuted Òonce and for all.Ó 1 There appears to have been little response to this claim, perhaps in part because that identi cation already enjoys something of a consensus. One of the main arguments for Jonathan has always been his death at the hands of gentiles (exe- cuted by Tryphon in 142 BCE ), which is supposed to agree with what is said of the demise of the Wicked Priest in 1QpHab and 4Q171. 2 According to H. Stegemann, the Habakkuk pesher even agrees with JonathanÕ s death outside Judea. 3 O n t he ot he r hand, t he re are a num ber of reasons w hy such con dence in identifying Jonathan as the Wicked Priest is misleading. To begin with, StegemannÕs assertion was based on a highly ques- tionable interpretation of the above-mentioned pesher . 4 J. Carmignac and W. Brownlee have criticized taking as past events
Dead Sea Discoveries – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2003
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