© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010 DOI: 10.1163/187119110X529203 The Hague Journal of Diplomacy 5 (2010) 331-356 brill.nl/hjd The Provinces and China’s Multi-Layered Diplomacy: The Cases of GMS and Africa Chen Zhimin, a * Jian Junbo b * and Chen Diyu c a Professor, Department of International Politics, Fudan University, Shanghai, China email@example.com b Research Fellow, Centre for European Studies, Fudan University, Shanghai, China firstname.lastname@example.org c Researcher, Policy Research Centre for Environment and Economics, Ministry of Environment Protection, China email@example.com Received: 16 September 2009; revised: 9 April 2010; accepted: 26 July 2010 Summary China’s diplomacy has become increasingly multi-layered, as provinces and cities step up efforts to expand their networks and involvement in foreign affairs. This article aims to provide a general picture about how Chinese provinces feature in the overall Chinese foreign policy system. Specifically, the article uses two cases to illustrate how such a multi-layered diplomatic system functions to meet the interests of the national and local governments. The first case discusses the role of Yunnan province in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) Economic Cooperation. Yunnan’s involvement in GMS as a local actor dem- onstrates how cross-border cooperation has served local developmental interest as well as China’s
The Hague Journal of Diplomacy – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2010
Keywords: provinces; GMS; foreign policy; Africa; China
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