Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus 6 (2008) 33-48 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2008 DOI: 10.1163/174551908X266015 www.brill.nl/jshj Th e Prohibition of Oaths and Contra-scriptural Halakhot : A Response to John P. Meier Jonathan Klawans Boston University, Boston, MA, USA email@example.com Abstract Th e following response to John Meier’s article begins by raising initial questions concerning the relationship between oaths and vows, and the criterion of dou- ble dissimilarity. Th e focus then turns to the complicated relationship between the Pentateuch and Jewish legal sources of the Second Temple and Rabbinic periods. It will be suggested that demonstrating Jesus’ legal disagreement with either the plain meaning of scripture or other ﬁ rst-century Jewish legal sources does not yield suﬃ cient evidence to claim that Jesus clearly and unambigu- ously abrogated a matter of Jewish Law. It will also be argued that, in the case of oaths, it is particularly diﬃ cult to demonstrate either a contradiction with the Pentateuch or a complete disagreement with the preponderance of con- temporary legal sources. Th erefore, while Jesus may indeed have prohibited all oaths, this ought not be taken as clear evidence of an abrogation of a matter of
Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2008
Keywords: VOWS; JEWISH LAW; JOHN P. MEIER; JESUS; JAMES; DOUBLE-DISSIMILARITY; MATTHEW; OATHS; CONTRA-SCRIPTURAL HALAKHOT
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