173 THE POSSIBILITY OF A STRUCTURAL PHENOMENOLOGY: THE CASE OF REVERSAL THEORY Michael J. Apter The aim of this paper is to discuss an approach to psychology which those of us who have been adopting have found helpful to think of as "structural phenomenology." Structural phenomenology can be defined as "the searchforpattern and structure in the way in which experience is interpreted. " It should be emphasized from the outset that although our interest is in structure, it is not in structure in the content of experience in the sense of perceptual Gestalts; rather our interest is in structure in the form of experience itself, in its nature and quality, and the way in which this nature and quality change over time. To use Husserl's distinction, our concern is more with noesis than it is with noema. In order to exemplify this approach reference will be made to "the theory of psychological reversals" (originally proposed by Smith and Apter, 1975) which is concerned principally with the experience of motivation. It can be defined as a theory of the different ways in which the individual interprets various aspects of his own motivational experience, and the way in which he
Journal of Phenomenological Psychology – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1981
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