East Central Europe 38 (2011) 255–290 © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI 10.1163/187633011X597180 brill.nl/eceu * ) Th e writing of this paper was supported by the Sectorial Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), ﬁ nanced from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number SOP HRD/89/1.5/S/59758. Th e Phoenix that Could Not Rise: Politics and Rock Culture in Romania, 1960–1989 * Caius Dobrescu University of Bucharest Abstract Th e article addresses the emergence and development of the rock scene under the very speciﬁ c circumstances of Romanian communism. While pointing to the extension and complexity of this social-musical phenomenon, it tries to explain the paradox that the rock scene could coexist with what is currently perceived as one of the most repressive and unreformed social systems in communist Eastern Europe. Th e analytical part of the paper is centered around two case studies: 1) the artistic and intellectual evolution of the rock band Phoenix, from its 1962 beginnings to the 1977 spectacular escape to the West of most of its lineup, 2) and the strange combination of nationalist-Stalinist mobilizationism and ﬂ ower power Woodstock-like poetry of the cultural activist Adrian Păunescu
East Central Europe – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2011
Keywords: ROCK CULTURE; UNDERGROUND; ROMANIA; PHOENIX ROCK BAND; NATIONAL COMMUNISM
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