235 The Permanent Court of Arbitration: Responding to a Century of Globalization TJACO T. VAN DEN HOUT* Introduction The history of the 100-year-old Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) is a micro- cosm of a century of globalization, and its evolution during that period testi es to its ability to meet the changing needs of an increasingly globalized international community. Particularly in the past decades, the PCA has evidenced great exibility in meeting the dispute resolution needs of the international community in such emerging and expanding elds as telecommunications, air traf c control, mass claims settlement, international organizations and the environment. It has also become involved in global dialogue and the dissemination of information, by electronic as well as traditional means, on a variety of current topics in international law and relations. Non-State Parties The PCA was born at the rst Hague Peace Conference of 1899, itself a watershed in the globalization of international relations. 1 For the rst two decades of its existence, the PCA remained faithful to its original mandate, administering exclusively inter-State arbitrations. 2 In the mid-1930s, it was given its rst opportunity to demonstrate its ability to respond to the
International Law FORUM du droit international (continued in International Community Law Review) – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2000
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