The Paradox of the Female Slave Body in the Islamic Legal System: The Cases of Morocco and Sudan

The Paradox of the Female Slave Body in the Islamic Legal System: The Cases of Morocco and Sudan © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/156920811X578557 Journal of Women of the Middle East and the Islamic World 9 (2011) 215–233 brill.nl/hawwa The Paradox of the Female Slave Body in the Islamic Legal System: The Cases of Morocco and Sudan Ahmad A. Sikainga Ohio State University Sikainga169@gmail.com Abstract This chapter is concerned with the way in which Muslim jurisprudence dealt with the body of female slaves in two Muslim societies: Morocco and the Sudan. While the depiction and the representation of the slave body have generated a great deal of debate among scholars working on slavery in the New World, this subject has received little attention amongst both Islamicists and Africanists. The literature on slavery in the American South and in the Caribbean has shown that the depiction of the slave body reveals a great deal about the reality of slavery, the relations of power and control, and the cultural codes that existed within the slave societies. The slave physical appearance and gestures were used to distin- guish between the slaves and free and to justify slavery. Throughout the Americas slaves were routinely branded as a form of identification right up to the eighteenth century. Although the http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Hawwa Brill

The Paradox of the Female Slave Body in the Islamic Legal System: The Cases of Morocco and Sudan

Hawwa, Volume 9 (1-2): 215 – Jan 1, 2011

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2011 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
1569-2078
eISSN
1569-2086
D.O.I.
10.1163/156920811X578557
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/156920811X578557 Journal of Women of the Middle East and the Islamic World 9 (2011) 215–233 brill.nl/hawwa The Paradox of the Female Slave Body in the Islamic Legal System: The Cases of Morocco and Sudan Ahmad A. Sikainga Ohio State University Sikainga169@gmail.com Abstract This chapter is concerned with the way in which Muslim jurisprudence dealt with the body of female slaves in two Muslim societies: Morocco and the Sudan. While the depiction and the representation of the slave body have generated a great deal of debate among scholars working on slavery in the New World, this subject has received little attention amongst both Islamicists and Africanists. The literature on slavery in the American South and in the Caribbean has shown that the depiction of the slave body reveals a great deal about the reality of slavery, the relations of power and control, and the cultural codes that existed within the slave societies. The slave physical appearance and gestures were used to distin- guish between the slaves and free and to justify slavery. Throughout the Americas slaves were routinely branded as a form of identification right up to the eighteenth century. Although the

Journal

HawwaBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2011

Keywords: Sharia; Fatwas; Concubines; Nawazil; Ulama and slaves; Slave defects

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