The Origin of the Kabeiroi

The Origin of the Kabeiroi THE ORIGIN OF THE KABEIROI  R.S.P. BEEKES A  It is argued that Kadmilos , one of the Kabeiroi , has a typical (non-IE) Anatolian name. And further that the name Kabeiroi itself is a variant of Kabarn-oi . New insight in Pre-Greek shows that this word is a typical Pre-Greek name, and that the original form is * Kabar( y )- . This shows that the old connection with Semitic ( kab ì r- ‘great’) must be de fi nitely given up. In recent years more and more attention is being paid to the in fl uence of the Near East on ancient Greece. Obviously, each of the proposed instances must be evaluated for its individual merits. The two probably oldest instances where Semitic (Phoenician) in fl uence was suggested, the Kabeiroi and Kadmos, ought to be abandoned. In this paper I will discuss the Kabeiroi, the other complex I hope to discuss elsewhere. I shall begin with (the name) Kadmilos , as it is relevant for both words. 1. Kadmilos Kadmilos is a god connected with the Kabeiroi, but, as so often in this fi eld, our understanding is rather limited. There was a connection http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mnemosyne Brill

The Origin of the Kabeiroi

Mnemosyne, Volume 57 (4): 465 – Jan 1, 2004

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2004 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0026-7074
eISSN
1568-525X
D.O.I.
10.1163/1568525042226101
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

THE ORIGIN OF THE KABEIROI  R.S.P. BEEKES A  It is argued that Kadmilos , one of the Kabeiroi , has a typical (non-IE) Anatolian name. And further that the name Kabeiroi itself is a variant of Kabarn-oi . New insight in Pre-Greek shows that this word is a typical Pre-Greek name, and that the original form is * Kabar( y )- . This shows that the old connection with Semitic ( kab ì r- ‘great’) must be de fi nitely given up. In recent years more and more attention is being paid to the in fl uence of the Near East on ancient Greece. Obviously, each of the proposed instances must be evaluated for its individual merits. The two probably oldest instances where Semitic (Phoenician) in fl uence was suggested, the Kabeiroi and Kadmos, ought to be abandoned. In this paper I will discuss the Kabeiroi, the other complex I hope to discuss elsewhere. I shall begin with (the name) Kadmilos , as it is relevant for both words. 1. Kadmilos Kadmilos is a god connected with the Kabeiroi, but, as so often in this fi eld, our understanding is rather limited. There was a connection

Journal

MnemosyneBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2004

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