THE ORIGIN OF THE KABEIROI R.S.P. BEEKES A It is argued that Kadmilos , one of the Kabeiroi , has a typical (non-IE) Anatolian name. And further that the name Kabeiroi itself is a variant of Kabarn-oi . New insight in Pre-Greek shows that this word is a typical Pre-Greek name, and that the original form is * Kabar( y )- . This shows that the old connection with Semitic ( kab ì r- ‘great’) must be de ﬁ nitely given up. In recent years more and more attention is being paid to the in ﬂ uence of the Near East on ancient Greece. Obviously, each of the proposed instances must be evaluated for its individual merits. The two probably oldest instances where Semitic (Phoenician) in ﬂ uence was suggested, the Kabeiroi and Kadmos, ought to be abandoned. In this paper I will discuss the Kabeiroi, the other complex I hope to discuss elsewhere. I shall begin with (the name) Kadmilos , as it is relevant for both words. 1. Kadmilos Kadmilos is a god connected with the Kabeiroi, but, as so often in this ﬁ eld, our understanding is rather limited. There was a connection
Mnemosyne – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2004
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