The Nigerian Territorial Waters Legislation and the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention Edwin Egede* PhD Candidate, Cardiff Law School, Cardiff University, Wales, United Kingdom ABSTRACT Nigeria is a coastal state located strategically on the West Coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea. After gaining independence in 1960 it enacted legislation in 1967 on its territorial waters, which has been amended twice, in 1971 and 1998. After participating in the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III) it became a party to the 1982 Convention on 14 August 1986. This arti- cle examines the laws governing the Nigerian territorial waters vis-à-vis the LOSC provisions on the territorial sea with a view to pinpointing how far these laws are in compliance with the relevant provi- sions of the LOSC. Introduction The territorial sea is of vital importance for security and economic reasons to Nigeria; a state strategically located on the West Coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea. This belt of the sea acts as a security buffer zone, with the Nigerian Navy having responsibility for defending the Nigerian territorial waters, including defence against seaborne attack, protection of international shipping and offshore
The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2004
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