The Morphological Patterns of the Nomina Instrumenti in Arabic

The Morphological Patterns of the Nomina Instrumenti in Arabic 90 texte publié (Istanbul 1945) par ?erefettin Yaltkaya et Kilisli Rifat Bilge, exactement d'un siècle 1. G. VAJDA THE MORPHOLOGICAL PATTERNS 0F THE NOMINA INSTRUMENTI IN ARABIC In the Mufassal (ed. Broch, p. 104 in fine, § 366), al-Zamabšari informs us that there are only three patterns in Arabic which convey the nomina instrumenti, viz : Imif'alunl, J, /mif'alatun/, and /mif'iilun/. This accepted wisdom has been viewed as complete, even to modern times, by such grammarians as Wright 2 and Fleisch 3. If we investigate deeper into this topic, we discover that J. Barth 4 claims that an additional pattern, viz. Ifi'dll is used in Arabic (as well as in Proto-Semitic) as a pattern to convey nouns of instrument. AI-Zamabšari'B knowledge of this fact is conveyed to us only in his masterful commen- tary on the Qur'än, the Qur'in 7.40 has a the eye of a needle *, fsammi I-lJiyátJ. AI-Zamayšari 5 comments : «'Abd Allah read : 'through the eye of a needle, /mihyat/' (as opposed to the textual) (to which it is morphologically synonymous); (the same relation holds, analo- gously, between the two words for 'belt'« /hixam/ and /mihxam/. (Its meaning is the instrument) by which sewing is done, viz., a needle n. Here we have a striking instance in which al-Zamabšari rounds out and completes in his Ifa,f,faf the description of a topic in Arabic morphology he presented in his grammat- ical magnum opu8, the h?ufa8sal. M.B.SCHUB 1. ld � h al-makn � n f � l-dayl 'ald KaŠf al-zun � n, t. II, col. 719, avec renvoi à l'article Bah � at al-nür al-atamm f � bay � n sirr All � h al-a'zam (t. I, col. 204) où il indique comme date de décès de l'auteur l'an 1177, en chiffres et en toutes lettres; cf. ibid. I, 460, s.v. al-Durra al-mudi'a; tout cela relevé par KAHH � LA loc. cit. (avec toutefois la date correcte). 2. W. WRIGHT, A Grammar of the Arabic Language3 .... Cambridge, 1896-1898. Vol. I, pp. 120-131. 3. H. FLEISCH, Traité de Philologie Arabe, Vol. I., Beyrouth, 1961. Pp. 422-34. 4. J. BARTH, Die Nominalbildung in den Semitischen Sprachen2, Leipzig, 1894, p. 62. 5. AL-ZAMAHŠAR � , al-KaŠŠaf..., ed. M. H. AHMAD, Cairo, 1946. Vol. II, p. 104, in initio. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Arabica Brill

The Morphological Patterns of the Nomina Instrumenti in Arabic

Arabica, Volume 24 (1): 90 – Jan 1, 1977
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Brill
Copyright
© 1977 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
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0570-5398
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1570-0585
D.O.I.
10.1163/157005877X00271
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Abstract

90 texte publié (Istanbul 1945) par ?erefettin Yaltkaya et Kilisli Rifat Bilge, exactement d'un siècle 1. G. VAJDA THE MORPHOLOGICAL PATTERNS 0F THE NOMINA INSTRUMENTI IN ARABIC In the Mufassal (ed. Broch, p. 104 in fine, § 366), al-Zamabšari informs us that there are only three patterns in Arabic which convey the nomina instrumenti, viz : Imif'alunl, J, /mif'alatun/, and /mif'iilun/. This accepted wisdom has been viewed as complete, even to modern times, by such grammarians as Wright 2 and Fleisch 3. If we investigate deeper into this topic, we discover that J. Barth 4 claims that an additional pattern, viz. Ifi'dll is used in Arabic (as well as in Proto-Semitic) as a pattern to convey nouns of instrument. AI-Zamabšari'B knowledge of this fact is conveyed to us only in his masterful commen- tary on the Qur'än, the Qur'in 7.40 has a the eye of a needle *, fsammi I-lJiyátJ. AI-Zamayšari 5 comments : «'Abd Allah read : 'through the eye of a needle, /mihyat/' (as opposed to the textual) (to which it is morphologically synonymous); (the same relation holds, analo- gously, between the two words for 'belt'« /hixam/ and /mihxam/. (Its meaning is the instrument) by which sewing is done, viz., a needle n. Here we have a striking instance in which al-Zamabšari rounds out and completes in his Ifa,f,faf the description of a topic in Arabic morphology he presented in his grammat- ical magnum opu8, the h?ufa8sal. M.B.SCHUB 1. ld � h al-makn � n f � l-dayl 'ald KaŠf al-zun � n, t. II, col. 719, avec renvoi à l'article Bah � at al-nür al-atamm f � bay � n sirr All � h al-a'zam (t. I, col. 204) où il indique comme date de décès de l'auteur l'an 1177, en chiffres et en toutes lettres; cf. ibid. I, 460, s.v. al-Durra al-mudi'a; tout cela relevé par KAHH � LA loc. cit. (avec toutefois la date correcte). 2. W. WRIGHT, A Grammar of the Arabic Language3 .... Cambridge, 1896-1898. Vol. I, pp. 120-131. 3. H. FLEISCH, Traité de Philologie Arabe, Vol. I., Beyrouth, 1961. Pp. 422-34. 4. J. BARTH, Die Nominalbildung in den Semitischen Sprachen2, Leipzig, 1894, p. 62. 5. AL-ZAMAHŠAR � , al-KaŠŠaf..., ed. M. H. AHMAD, Cairo, 1946. Vol. II, p. 104, in initio.

Journal

ArabicaBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1977

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