193 Hans-Jörg Albrecht1 The Money Trail, Developments in Criminal Law, and Research Needs: An Introduction . 1"1. .... . > ,.." ÷ .." Anti-money-laundering and confiscation measures rank high in the policy agendas of Euro- pean countries. Pressures arising out of widely voiced demands to prevent organized crime from profiting from various types of crimes, especially drug trafficking, have led to legisla- tion facilitating seizure, freezing and forfeiture of crime proceeds. Besides the Council of Eu- rope's Convention on Money-Laundering the guidelines issued by the European Commission oblige Member States to enact a legislation forbidding money-laundering and to establish systems of control in order to enhance the potential of identifying, freezing and confiscating proceeds of crime. Moreover, the 1988 UN Convention against trafficking in illicit drugs em- phasizes the need to crack down on illegal profits. Article K of the European Union Treaty makes international crime, and with that drug trafficking and money-laundering, an import- ant point in police and justice co-operation. Anti-money-laundering measures and confisca- tion techniques today seem to represent the most powerful weapons available in the fight against drug trafficking and other types of organized crime 2 It is even argued that the tradi- tional
European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1997
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