SUSAPINNU The Mesopotamian paranymph and his role BY MEIR MALUL (Haifa University) I. Introduction The Akkadian word susapinnu occurs in MB and SB sources, mostly in lexical and synonym lists, where it is equated with Sumerian nigir (Eme-sal libir)-si, and few times indeed in other kinds of sources'). The Sumerian word n i g i r/ 1 i b i r- s occurs also in a lexical list and in a few Sumerian compositions from the OB period2). The word susapinnu and its Sumerian equivalent had originally been considered a title of an officia 13) . However, already at the end of the last century, it was connected with the Aramaic attested frequently in Talmudic and other Jewish sources where it denotes "paranymph, best man"4). This was suggested as the meaning of the 1) The lexical occurrences are MSL 12, 101:173; 126:66-68 (in 1. 66 the Sumerian column gives TCL 6, 35 II 26; the synonym list is LTBA 2, 2, 357 // 1 VI 21 // An IX 76 (Meissner, BA W 1, 72:16). The other occur- rences are in two late bilingual passages, SBH no. 56 ob. 58f and no. 69:17; a Hit- tite text StBoT
Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1989
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