© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2008 DOI: 10.1163/156853608X257527 Novum Testamentum 50 (2008) 1-27 www.brill.nl/nt Th e Marcionite Gospel and the Synoptic Problem: A New Suggestion Matthias Klinghardt Dresden Abstract Th e most recent debate of the Synoptic Problem resulted in a dead-lock: Th e best-established solutions, the Two-Source-Hypothesis and the Farrer-Goodacre-Th eory, are burdened with a number of apparent weaknesses. On the other hand, the arguments raised against these theories are cogent. An alternative possibility, that avoids the problems created by either of them, is the inclusion of the gospel used by Marcion. Th is gospel is not a redaction of Luke, but rather precedes Matthew and Luke and, therefore, belongs into the maze of the synop- tic interrelations. Th e resulting model avoids the weaknesses of the previous theories and provides compelling and obvious solutions to the notoriously diﬃcult problems. Keywords Marcion, Marcionite Gospel, Synoptic Problem I. Th e Current State of the Discussion Recently, the debate of the synoptic problem has gained momentum again when Mark Goodacre argued his “Case Against Q”. 1 His sharp and delib- erate renewal of the so-called Farrer-Goulder hypothesis proposes a model of the literary relations among the ﬁrst three gospels
Novum Testamentum – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2008
Keywords: MARCION; MARCIONITE GOSPEL; SYNOPTIC PROBLEM
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