© Brill, Leiden, 2006 EJEAS 5.2 Also available online—www.brill.nl/ejea 2006065. EJEAS 5.2. Proef 3a. 17-10-2006:10.04, page 181. THE MANAGEMENT OF NATIONALISM DURING THE JIANG ERA (1994–2002) AND ITS IMPLICATIONS ON GOVERNMENT AND REGIME LEGITIMACY * MARIO ESTEBAN Abstract. This paper aims to provide a detailed explanation of how the pro- motion of di ﬀ erent nationalist discourses in China entails distinct repercus- sions on both government and regime legitimacy, looking for the rationale of governmental appeal to both a ﬃ rmative and assertive nationalism within the context of general legitimacy crisis su ﬀ ered by communism in the last years. Through the analysis of case studies including the return of Hong Kong and Macao under Chinese sovereignty and the success of Beijing’s bid for hosting the 2008 Olympic Games, this paper regards the rise of a ﬃ rmative nationalism as beneficial for the legitimacy of both the Jiang government and the CCP regime as a whole. However, the increasing relevance of assertive nationalism, discussed with reference to the Diaoyu dispute with Japan, and the diplomatic crisis with the US after the bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade and the unauthorised landing of a US surveillance plane on
European Journal of East Asian Studies – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2006
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