VLADIMIR HANGA (Cluj, Romania) The Legal Arguments of the Romanian Claims in the Supplex Libellus Valachorum The crisis of the feudal order intensified in Transylvania during the second half of the eighteenth century. The seeds of capitalism began to develop rapidly, the exploitation of serfs intensified, and the aggravation of social contradictions brought about powerful social movements culminating in the great peasant uprising led by Horia, Clo?ca, and Cri§an.1 Obviously, reforms could not solve the socio- political problems of decaying feudalism.2 Parallel with the struggle conducted by the Romanian serfs, together with the serfs of other nations, against the feudal regime, the Romanian ruling class, now in a formative stage, worked energetically for the Romanians' national emancipation. Romanians were merely "tolerated," despite being the large majority of the Transylvania population. The leading Romanian class conceived a political program in accordance with the state of affairs in Transylvania and the aspirations of the epoch. The credo of this class was first formulated by Inochentie Micu Clain- Klein,3 in memorials he addressed to the imperial court in Vienna over a period of sixteen years.4 Based upon powerful historical5 and legal6 arguments, Clain demanded that Romanians be recognized as the fourth
Southeastern Europe – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1976
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